Academic English I (AE1) - Spring 2017, Kawamoto
Writing a Bibliography
A bibliography is the list of books, articles, and
other resources referenced in a written report.
It appears at the end of the report in the following
Point 1: The header of the bibliography of a
technical report is: References. Other headers
you might see are: Bibliography (usually for literary
works), Works Cited, Sources.
Point 2: Entries are numbered in technical
bibliographies (for direct referencing within the
text). In literary bibliographies, entries are
alphabetized by authors' last names (or titles,
if no author).
Point 3: The typical entry formats are shown below.
<end of technical report body>
 Peterson, James L., Petri Net Theory and the
Modelling of Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood
Cliffs, New Jersey, 1981.
 Kawamoto, Pauline N., Yasushi Fuwa, and Yatsuka
Nakamura, "Basic Petri Net Concepts", Formalized
Mathematics, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1992, pp.183-187.
 Hotz, Robert L., "Automatic processes dominate
thinking", The Japan Times, March 30, 2005, p.17.
<name of author (last name first)>, <title (underlined)>,
<publisher>, <place of publication>, <date of publication>,
Note: Use a comma to separate the last name of the author from
the first name, e.g, Kawamoto, Pauline N.
<name of author (last name first)>, <"article/paper title" (in quotes)>,
<name of publication>, <volume number>, <issue number>,
<date of publication>, <page(s) referenced>.
Note: Volume/issue number are typically written as Vol. 32, No. 2,
for example. To save space, sometimes this is condensed to 32, (2)
or even 32(2).
Skip information that is not applicable (e.g., in
general, volume/issue numbers do not apply to newspaper
articles so these items are not written).
For special type entries, consult the guidelines
for your report or a writer's manual for the format.
Point 4: Prepare your bibliography carefully to
avoid plagiarizing the work of others (plagiarism:
representing the words or ideas of a source as